Skip to content Skip to footer

The Coffee Adventurer ….

What are all the different kinds of coffee one might order at a cafe?

Well here’s a list of the most common coffee beverages. There’s heaps more but you’re not as likely to come across them as regularly in Australia.

A single shot espresso (30ml), or double shot (60ml) then topped with perfectly textured silky milk. Once the milk is poured into the cup the cappuccino should have a foam dome thats then dusted with chocolate powder. 

(Full name Caffe Latte) is most commonly served in a glass. A double shot of espresso (60ml) followed my perfectly textured silky milk. It finish is relatively flat (no foam dome) and (with the exception of Take Away) they are commonly finished with latte art. (Ooooh Latte Art-there’s a topic for the next article ;))

A Piccolo Latte is a single ristretto shot 15ml -20ml topped with warm silky milk served in a glass or cup.

Mochaccino (Mocha)
A mocha is combination of a cappuccino and a hot chocolate. They are prepared the same as a cappuccino however chocolate powder is added into the espresso shot and stirred before adding the silky textured milk. 

Flat white
This is arguably the most commonly in Australia. A single or double shot of espresso (30/60ml) silky textured milk is poured over while the bulk of the foam is held back with a spoon. The silky micro foam is all that escapes. 

Short black espresso
An espresso served as a single shot is generally between 25ml-30ml and is extracted in approximately 25-30 seconds

Long black
A Long Black is prepared by adding approximately 2/3rds boiling water into a cup then extracting a double shot of espresso (60ml) on top. 

Short Macchiato
A short macchiato is a 30ml shot of espresso with a teaspoon of hot steamed milk  and dollop of micro foam. Commonly served in a glass.

Long Macchiato
A long macchiato is a double espresso (60ml) served in a glass with a dollop of foam and a teaspoon of hot or cold milk. Commonly served in a glass. 

Doppiov Affogato
An affogato is a great dessert coffee during summer. It is made by placing one scoop of vanilla ice cream into a glass within a double shot of espresso. 

A ristretto is a “restricted” version of an espresso. It is made by stopping the espresso extraction before the espresso starts to go blonde. It is less diluted with water making it more intense. It’s generally served around 15-20ml in volume. 

Vienna coffee
Vienna coffee’ usually refers to espresso topped with abundant whipped cream and sprinkled with cocoa powder. They serve it in a tall glass with a handle. 

Iced coffee
Iced coffee is served cold. It may be prepared either by brewing coffee normally and then serving it over ice or in cold milk, or alternatively by brewing the coffee cold. In hot brewing, sweeteners and flavoring may be added before cooling, as they dissolve faster. It’s become more customary to have whipped cream or ice cream added to iced coffee but this is not the traditional way. 

Iced latte
An iced latte is made with espresso,milk and optional sweetener. Served in a tall glass over ice.

Irish coffee
Classic Irish coffees are made with a double shot of espresso coffee, Irish whiskey, sugar and topped with whipped cream. Served in a tall glass with a handle. 

Similar to the long black only the coffee shots are poured first and hot water is added to dilute it. The ratio in water added is generally more that the long black producing a weaker strength coffee. 

Coffee Milk Shake
Cold brew coffee – (if using hot espresso shots then ice cubes are added) ice cream, coffee syrup and milk are all mixed in a blender 

Originating in Greece and commonly made with instant coffee… the Iced Frappe has taken on a different shape here in Australia. It’s is primarily made with crushed ice in a blender add- cold coffee and coffee syrup to sweeten and blend into a glass of coffee snow.